English Origins of the Maltby Family of Canada

 

 

(I.) WilliamD Maltby was born probably in or near Scarborough, Yorkshire, England, sometime in the late 1600s.[1] His parents have not been discovered. He married [--?--] before 1712, and had at least one son born in Scarborough.

            There is a possibility that William may have descended from Sir John Mautby, Knight, of Norfolk, who married Isabel Clavering, daughter and heiress of Robert Clavering, in 1326. She was a granddaughter of Roger, Lord of Clavering, a prominent family of the nobility. Their eldest son and heir, Sir Robert Mautby, Knight, married Ellen Lovayne, daughter and heiress of Thomas Lovayne, Knight, of another prominent family. Sir John Mautby did have other sons, though, whose families have not been traced, and William Maltby, of Scarborough, could have descended from one of these, however this has not been proven, and would be almost impossible to prove. The only clue indicating this possibility is that the descendants of William Maltby, of Scarborough, were unofficially using a coat of arms that was very similar to the Clavering coat of arms, described as Quart. or. and arg. p party per fess indented. The Crest was a Wyren, and the motto was “Fear God in Life.[2]

            The earliest records of a Maltby in Scarborough, England, are in 1334 when the name of William de Malteby appears on a list of freemen,[3] and again in 1406 when the name Richard Malteby appears as a resident of Scarborough.[4] A Hugo de Malebisse held lands in Yorkshire at the time of William the Conqueror in 1066, and it is speculated that he may have been the progenitor of all the Maltbys of England.[5] There is, of course, a very large elapse of time between these records and the birth of the son of William Maltby, that remains to be solved, but supposedly this branch of Maltbys had lived in Scarborough, England, at least back to the mid-1600s, if not earlier.

 

 

(II.) JohnC Maltby, son of WilliamD Maltby, of Scarborough, was born on 12 Sept. 1712 in Scarborough, Yorkshire, England,[6] according to the Maltby Bible entry, but his baptismal entry in the Parish of Scarborough is dated 5 Sept. 1712.[7] The bible entry was evidently made after 1756, when the Gregorian calendar began usage in England, which would have made his birth date in the Julian calendar about 10 days earlier, or 2 Sept. 1712.

            John Maltby married Mary Dickenson on 7 Aug. 1738 in Scarborough.[8] Her father has not been identified, but there was a Mary Dickinson, daughter of Samuel Dickinson, baptized on 22 Apr. 1716 in St. John the Baptist Church, Cayton-by-Scarborough, Yorkshire, and another Mary Dickinson, daughter of George Dickinson, baptized on 9 Oct. 1719 in Seamer-near-Scarborough, Yorkshire.[9] She died before June 1765.[10]

            John and Mary Maltby had children:[11]

            A. Mary Maltby, born on 27 Sept. 1739 in Scarborough, baptized 19 Oct. 1739 in Scarborough Parish, married John Todd on 6 Feb. 1763 in Scarborough.[12] He died on 9 Nov. 1784 in Yorkshire, and she died on 16 July 1805 in Kingston upon Hull, Yorkshire, England. They had 2 children:[13]

            1. John Todd, Jr., born on 17 Nov. 1763 in Scarborough, baptized on 24 Jan. 1764 in Scarborough Parish, married 1.) Mary Calvert on 4 Sept. 1787, and they settled in Hull, Yorkshire, England. She was born ca. 1766, and died in 1789 in Hull, England. He remarried to 2.) Elizabeth Chatterton in 1791. She was born ca. 1771 in Lincolnshire, and died on 8 May 1820 in Sculcoates, Yorkshire. He died on 8 Aug. 1838 in Hull, Yorkshire. He was apparently known to his cousin, Thomas Maltby, who included his birth date in the Maltby Family Bible. He had twin daughters by Mary Calver, and a son by Elizabeth Chatterton:

            a. Ann Todd, a twin, born on 25 Sept. 1788 in Hull, married Henry Dring. He was born on 12 July 1786 in Patrington, Yorkshire, and died in Jan. 1870 in Roos, Yorkshire. She died on 17 July 1877 in Nottinghamshire, England.

            b. Mary Todd, a twin, born on 25 Sept. 1788 in Hull, died in infancy in 1788.

            c. John Stephen Todd, born on 20 Dec. 1792 in Kingston upon Hull, Yorkshire, married Jane Potton on 1 July 1816 in Lincolnshire. She was born ca. 1799. He died on 13 June 1839 in Yorkshire.

            2. Mary Todd, baptized on 31 Oct. 1766 in Scarborough Parish, possibly died young, since she was not mentioned in Thomas Maltby’s family bible.

            B. William Maltby, born on 10 Sept. 1741 in Scarborough, baptized 24 Sept. 1741 in Scarborough Parish, evidently died young.

            C. JohnB Maltby, Jr., born on 9 Dec. 1742 in Scarborough, baptized 4 Jan. 1743 in Scarborough Parish, married Margaret (Rickaby) Addison on 20 June 1765 in St. Mary Castlegate, York, England.[14] (Continued.)

            D. William Maltby, born on 25 Apr. 1744 in Scarborough, his baptism not recorded in Scarborough Parish, survived to adulthood, and was in the fishing business with his brother, John, in Sunderland, England. No marriage or children have been discovered for him.

            E. Dickenson Maltby, a son, born on 3 Sept. 1745 in Scarborough, baptized 21 Sept. 1745 in Scarborough Parish, no further record.

            F. Hugh Maltby, born on 10 May 1747 in Scarborough, baptized 5 June 1747 in Scarborough Parish, no further record.

            G. Isabella Maltby, born on 27 July 1750 in Scarborough, baptized 23 Aug. 1750 in Scarborough Parish, no further record.

 

 

(III.) JohnB Maltby, Jr., second son of JohnC Maltby, WilliamD; born in Scarborough on 9 Dec. 1742,[15] married Margaret (Rickaby) Addison, widow of George Addison, Esq., of Whitby, Yorkshire, England, on 20 June 1765 in St. Mary Castlegate, York, England.[16] She had married first to George Addison, of Whitby, on 27 Mar. 1762 in Whitby, Yorkshire.[17] No children were found for George and Margaret Addison, of Whitby, nor was an appropriate baptismal record for Margaret Rickaby found in the I.G.I.[18]

            John and Margaret Maltby, Jr., moved to Sunderland, County Durham, England, where he and his broth­er William Maltby each owned a fishing vessel. A letter dated 29 July 1883 from Bell Wilkinson, of Sunderland, to Richard3 Leighton Maltby, of Newcastle, NB, stated “Our son has a nice old painting of two ships (that I suppose would belong to your great, great-grandfather) sailing from Scarborough, the birthplace of the old, old Maltbys, say 200 years ago; the names of the ships are on the back of the picture. They are bound for the Greenland whale fishery.” John Maltby, Jr., and his brother, William Maltby, supposedly owned the two ships in the picture.[19] Bell Wilkinson married a great-granddaughter of John Maltby, Jr.

            In addition, John Maltby, Jr., taught school in Sunderland, from 1765 until his death, in about 1772 in Sunderland. Richard Leighton Maltby had an account book of his dating from June 1765, with the names of his pupils and the amounts of their tuition fees.[20] His widow, Margaret, moved back to Scarborough after his death, remarried again to William Robinson, of Scarborough, on 7 Aug. 1775 in Scarborough St. Mary, Yorkshire, England.[21]

            John Maltby, Jr., had 3 children, and Margaret had 3 more children by William Robinson, but baptisms were found for only the Robinson children:[22]

            A. Capt. ThomasA Maltby, born on 12 Oct. 1766 in Sunderland, England, married Mary Baker[?] in 1789. (Continued.)

            B. Margaret Maltby, born on 30 Aug. 1767 in Sunderland, no further record.

            C. William Dent Maltby, born on 29 Oct. 1769 in Sunderland, no further record.

            D. George Robinson, born on 17 Aug. 1775 in Scarborough, baptized on 15 Sept. 1775 in Scarborough Parish.

            E. Mary Robinson, born on 2 July 1777 in Scarborough, baptized on 30 July 1777 in Scarborough Parish.

            F. Isabella Robinson, born on 6 July 1780 in Scarborough, baptized on 24 Sept. 1780 in Scarborough Parish.

 

 

(IV.) Capt. ThomasA Maltby, eldest son of JohnB Maltby Jr., JohnC, WilliamD; born in Sunderland on 12 Oct. 1766,[23] married Mary Baker[?], of Bristol,[24] England, in 1789, and lived in Scarborough and Sunderland. Her parents have not been discovered, nor has their marriage record. Her surname was thought to have been “Baker” because they named their son Thomas Baker Maltby.[25] There is a marriage record for a Thomas Maltby and Mary Bowen on 6 Oct. 1788 in Cathedral Saint Peter, Sheffield, Yorkshire,[26] but this may be for a different Thomas Maltby, because in the marriage record they were both called “of this parish” (Sheffield.)[27] A greater possibility is that Thomas Maltby, on one of his voyages, met Mary while in port in Bristol, and their marriage record may be in one of the many churches in Bristol, England.

            Capt. Thomas Maltby studied navigation, and, following in his father's footsteps, became a master mariner and sea captain, transporting coal and goods along the Baltic Sea. Before the Napoleonic War with France, 1808‑1815, while trying to run a blockade in the Baltic, Thomas Maltby was taken prisoner in the year 1807, and was imprisoned in the French prison at Arras, for 7 years.[28]

            Capt. Thomas Maltby also kept the Maltby Family Bible from which the early births and marriages were copied. In 1918 the bible was in the possession of Louise Marie (Wilkinson) Browne, of Sunderland, England.[29]

            In 1916 Mary Ethel Keymes (Maltby) Orr, of Old Town, Maine, was in possession of several old letters written by Capt. Thomas Maltby to his wife and family, then living in Sunderland, while he was in prison. While there he taught navigation to the other prisoners. He was a very religious man, and a devout follower of John Wesley. In his captivity, with the many other men there, they enjoyed a religious service often three times a day, each taking turns in “exhorting their congregation to follow the sacred teachings of our Saviour.” In one of his letters to his wife, he says, “Oh, the sweet counsel we take together, blessed be God, he has sent me Jeremiah Taylor, and we take turns preaching twice a day and urging others to follow Christ.” Bell Wilkinson also described the letters: “In his letters from the prison at Arras, the handwriting was as though it was Copper Plate. I blush for my poor writing when I consider the perfect formation of every letter in the closely written epistles he sent from his prison home. He always addressed his wife, 'My Dear Love,' and wrote her affectionately, and filled his letters full with passages from the Scriptures.” He also composed hymns for the Wesleyan Hymnal, marked “Maltby.” They may be very hard to find now, since they were only found in some of the early editions of John Wesley's Hymn Book. There was also, in 1916, a pew in the Sans Street Methodist Church, Sunderland, England, which was supposed to have been the pew of Thomas Maltby. He was finally released from prison at the close of the war, and returned to Sunderland.[30] He died in Mar. 1829 in Sunderland, England, and was buried in St. Mary’s Church in South Hylton, Sunderland, England,[31] but no gravestone was found there for his wife Mary.

            Capt. Thomas and Mary Maltby had three children:[32]

            A. Elizabeth Maltby, born on 22 July 1790, presumably in Scarborough, married William Thompson[33] on 2 Sept. 1816 in Sunderland, England.[34] He was called a carpenter, ship carpenter, and shipwright at the baptisms of his children in Sunderland. He apparently died before 1851, and she was a widow living in Sunderland in the 1851 census.[35] They lived in Sunderland, and had children:[36]

            1. Thomas Maltby Thompson, born on 7 Aug. 1817 in Sunderland,[37] married Eleanor Walker in Dec. 1840 in Sunderland,[38] who was born ca. 1817 in Southwick, Durham.[39] They were living in Sunderland in the 1851 census, where he was a ship wright,[40] and the 1861 census, where he was a “potter,”[41] and in Southwick, Durham, England, in the 1871 census, where he was a ship carpenter.[42] She died on 4 Aug. 1878 in Southwick, aged 60 years,[43] and he was a widower living alone in Southwick in the 1881 census, where he was a shipwright.[44] He died in Jan. 1884 in Sunderland.[45] They had children:

            a. William Thompson, born ca. 1842 in Hylton, Durham.[46]

            b. Margaret Jane Thompson, born ca. 1844 in Sunderland, Durham.[47]

            2. Mary Ann Thompson, born on 23 May 1820 in Sunderland,[48] possibly married Thomas Smith on 18 Sept. 1838 in Sunderland, or Robert Massey on 17 Nov. 1838 in Sunderland.[49]

            3. Isabella Thompson, born on 26 Sept. 1822 in Sunderland.[50]

            4. William Maltby Thompson, born on 23 Apr. 1825 in Sunderland.[51]

            5. George Thompson, born on 31 Dec. 1830 in Sunderland,[52] was still unmarried and living with his widowed mother in Sunderland, England, in the 1851 census.

            B. Thomas1 Baker Maltby, born on 17 June 1792 in Scarborough, married Margaret (Kirton) Stainsby, widow of William Stainsby, of Sunderland, Durham Co., England, on 11 May 1816 in Monkwearmouth Church, Durham Co., England.[53] (Continued in Maltby Family of New Brunswick.)

            C. Mary Maltby, born on 14 Dec. 1797, baptized on 20 Jan. 1799 in Sunderland,[54] married Richard Orren Grierson Leighton, son of John and Mary (Nicholson) Leighton, of Gateshead, Durham, England, on 1 Feb. 1823 in Sunderland.[55] He was baptized on 23 Nov. 1800 in Gateshead, Durham.[56] He was also called a carpenter and shipwright at the baptisms of his children in Sunderland, and he was called Master Mariner on his gravestone. Mary (Maltby) Leighton died on 30 Aug. 1875 in Hartlepool, Durham, England,[57] and he died on 6 June 1876 in Hartlepool, aged 76 years,[58] they were buried together in Spion Kop Municipal Cemetery in Hartlepool, England. They lived in Sunderland, England, and had children:[59]

            1. Richard Maltby Leighton, born on 6 July 1824 in Sunderland,[60] England, married 1.) Dorothy Thorn in Oct. 1844 in Sunderland.[61] She was born ca. 1824 in Sunderland, and died in Sept. 1864 in Sunderland. He remarried to 2.) Sarah Gouinlock in Dec. 1865 in Sunderland.[62] She was born ca. 1829 in Sunderland, and died in Oct. 1877 in Sunderland. He had 6 children by Dorothy Thorn, and one more daughter by Sarah Gouinlock:

            a. John McDougle Leighton, born on 29 Dec. 1844 in Sunderland, died on 6 Jan. 1845 in Sunderland.

            b. John Leighton, born in June 1846 in Sunderland, died on 13 July 1851 in Sunderland.

            c. Dorothy Leighton, born in Sept. 1848 in Sunderland, married Robert J. McClure in Jan. 1866 in Sunderland.[63] She died in 1924 in Liverpool, Lancashire, England.

            d. John McDougle Leighton, born on 18 May 1856 in Sunderland, died on 26 July 1863 in Sunderland.

            e. Gideon Thorne Leighton, born on 14 Oct. 1858 in Sunderland, died on 22 June 1917 in Los Angeles, CA.

            f. Richard Leighton, born in June 1860 in Sunderland.

            g. Mary Leighton, born in Apr. 1867 in Sunderland.

            2. Mary Maltby Leighton, born on 23? Nov. 1825,[64] baptized on 25 Dec. 1825 in Sunderland, married Bell Wilkinson,[65] of Sunderland, on 11 May 1846 in Saint Dunstan Church, Stepney, London, England.[66] He was born in ca. 1815 in Sunderland.[67] He was a coal worker, and they were retired and living in Bishopwearmouth, Durham County, Great Britain, in the 1881 Durham County census, at 17 Elmwood Street.[68] She died on 1 Dec. 1905 in Sunderland, aged 80 years,[69] and he died on 4 Mar. 1908 in Sunderland, England,[70] his estate probated on 25 Apr. 1908 in Durham County, Great Britain.[71] She had one son:

            a. John Bell Wilkinson, born ca. 1847 in Stepney, England,[72] married Louise E. Lynn, of London, and they were living in Bishopwearmouth, Durham County, Great Britain, in the 1881 Durham County census, at 17 Salem Hill, where he was a plumber,[73] and his uncle, Yeal Wilkinson, was living with them. He was described by John Albert Fish, of Melrose, MA, in 1918, as “a grand gentleman of the 'old school,' 70 years old, and in good health. He would never ride in a 'tramcar,' always walked, no matter the distance. He wore a silk hat frock coat, and was a distinguished citizen, a strong, sturdy, and energetic man. He was very kind and hospitable to his kin from Canada and the United States, and always had an open door to them.[74] He died on 20 Feb. 1929 in Sunderland, England,[75] and was buried in Bishopwearmouth Cemetery in Sunderland. They had children:

            1. Louise Marie Wilkinson, born about 1875 in Sunderland,[76] married Percy Browne, of Sunderland, in 1895, but they had no children as of 1918.[77] She possessed the Maltby Family Bible of Capt. Thomas Maltby in 1918, and copied the names and dates from it for various Maltby researchers, including John Albert Fish and Dorothy (Maltby) Verrill.

            2. John Lynn Bell Wilkinson, born on 17 Sept. 1877 in Sunderland,[78] married Barbara Clough in 1896, and they had 3 children as of 1918,[79] names unknown. He died on 4 Mar. 1920 in Sunderland,[80] and was buried in Bishopwearmouth Cemetery in Sunderland.

            3. Stanley Yeal Wilkinson, born ca. 1881 in Sunderland,[81] died on 23 July 1881 in Sunderland,[82] and was buried in Bishopwearmouth Cemetery in Sunderland. He was not listed among the children of John Bell Wilkinson by John Albert Fish in 1918.[83]

            3. Thomas Maltby Leighton, born on 4 Feb. 1827 in Sunderland,[84] no further record.

            4. John McDougal Leighton, born on 30 Mar. 1830 in Sunderland,[85] traveled across the Atlantic to New Brunswick sometime in his life, but he drowned from the brig, “Hope” in the harbor of Saint John, New Brunswick, and lies buried in the Carleton Cemetery there. A stone was set up to mark his grave in about 1884.[86] He was presumably unmarried.

            5. Joseph Nicholson Leighton, born on 1 Nov. 1832 in Sunderland,[87] married Jane Horsley or Horsby in ca. 1855.[88] She was born ca. 1833, and they were living in Stranton, Durham County, Great Britain, in the 1881 Durham County census, on Lamb Street, where he was a shipwright.[89] He died in June 1884 in Hartlepool, Durham. They had children:[90]

            a. Joseph Shepherd Leighton, born in June 1856 in Hartlepool, Durham, England, married Catherine Wells in Apr. 1875 in Hartlepool.[91] She was born ca. 1857 in Hartlepool. He died in Sept. 1924 in Hartlepool, aged 68 years.[92]

            b. James Shepherd Leighton, born ca. 1858 in Hartlepool, Durham, was still unmarried and living with his parents in Stranton in the 1881 census, a blacksmith. He died on 16 Dec. 1914 in Hartlepool, Durham.[93]

            c. John MacDougal Leighton, born in Mar. 1860 in Hartlepool, Durham, was unmarried and living as a lodger in Hartlepool in the 1881 Durham County census with Thomas Simpson, a shipwright.[94]

            d. Richard Maltby Leighton, born in Oct. 1861 in Hartlepool, Durham, was also a blacksmith in the 1881 census, unmarried. He died in Oct. 1906 in Durham.

            e. George Horsby or Horsley Leighton, born ca. 1865 in Hartlepool, Durham, was an iron moulder in the 1881 census.

            f. Jane Horsby or Horsley Leighton, born in Apr. 1868 in Hartlepool, Durham, married Thomas Johnson in July 1891 in Hartlepool.[95] She died in Mar. 1862 in West Hartlepool, Durham.[96]

            g. William Thompson Leighton, born in July 1870 in Hartlepool, Durham,[97] married Mary Tunstall in Dec. 1890 in Hartlepool.[98] He died in Mar. 1930 in Hartlepool, Durham.[99]

            h. Frank Pounder Leighton, born in Oct. 1872 in Hartlepool, Durham, died in July 1913 in Middlesborough, Yorkshire, Great Britain.

            6. Jessie Leighton, a daughter, born on 6 Feb. 1836 in Sunderland,[100] married 1.) Robert Thomas Longstaff in Apr. 1878 in Sunderland.[101] He died in Apr. 1882 in Sunderland, aged 40 years,[102] and she remarried to 2.) Henry Adams, as his second wife, in Apr. 1885 in Sunderland.[103] He was born ca. 1841 in Scotland, and died in July 1901 in South Shields, Durham, Great Britain, aged 61 years.[104] She died in Mar. 1906 in Sunderland, Durham, aged 70 years.[105]

            7. Elizabeth Leighton, born ca. 1838 in Sunderland,[106] married John Purvis in Oct. 1859 in Hartlepool, Durham.[107] He was born ca. 1837 in Newcastle, England.

 

 

{Back to Site Index}{Continued in Maltby Family of New Brunswick}

 

 

© 2002 John A. Maltby, Redwood City, California



    [1] Estimation based on the baptism of his son in 1712 in Scarborough, Yorkshire.

    [2] This supposition was first published by Mrs. Dorothy Maltby Verrill, in Maltby-Maltbie Family History, published by Birdsey L. Maltby, in 1916, for The Maltby Association, [hereinafter Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie], pp. 150-151. I have not attempted to verify or disprove this. The arms of Sir John Mautby, Kt., of Norfolk, were described as Quart or. And gules, a bendlet sable, Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, p. 92.

    [3] Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, pp. 29, 154, from Cal. Pat. Rolls, p. 18.

    [4] Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, p. 34, from Cal. Pat. Rolls, p. 62.

    [5] Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, p. 76.

    [6] According to the Maltby Family Bible, first owned by Capt. Thomas Maltby, son of this John Maltby, Jr. The bible entry was made some years after the event, and certainly after the 1756 calendar change. The birth date was probably expressed according to the current Gregorian calendar, not according to the Julian calendar that was in existence in 1712.

    [7] Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, p. 151, from a certified record made by Rev. Cecil Cooper, Vicar and Rural Dean of Scarborough for The Maltby Association.

    [8] Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, p. 151, as transcribed from the Maltby Family Bible.

    [9] From an I.G.I. search for the baptism of Mary Dickenson.

    [10] Per Elizabeth Macaluso, of Wyoming, MI, from information she received from Loran & Barb McKay of Smithers, BC, 5 Apr. 2000.

    [11] Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, p. 151. Birth dates are from the Maltby Family Bible; baptismal dates were transcribed by Rev. Cecil Cooper, Vicar and Rural Dean of Scarborough, for The Maltby Association.

    [12] Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, p. 151, except marriage date is from the I.G.I. controlled extraction of Scarborough parish records.

    [13] Birth date of John Todd is from Maltby-Maltbie, p. 151, taken from the Maltby Family Bible. Baptismal dates are from the I.G.I. controlled extraction of Scarborough Parish Records.

    [14] England, Select Marriages, 1538-1973, from FHL [Family History Library] microfilm #1469900; Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, p. 151, the marriage date and place taken from the Maltby Family Bible.

    [15] Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, p. 151, taken from the Maltby Family Bible.

    [16] England, Select Marriages, 1538-1973, from FHL microfilm #1469900; Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, p. 151, taken from the Maltby Family Bible.

    [17] From the I.G.I. controlled extraction of parish records from Whitby, Yorkshire, England; England, Select Marriages, 1538-1762, from FHL microfilm #919083.

    [18] Through searches on the I.G.I.

    [19] Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, pp. 151-152, including extract of a letter from Bell Wilkinson to Richard Leighton Maltby.

    [20] Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, p. 152.

    [21] England Marriages 1538-1973 Transcription database at www.findmypast.com, from PE 165/16, p. 27, of Yorkshire Marriages.

    [22] Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, p. 152 for baptisms of Maltby children. Letter of John Albert Fish to John Alfred Montrose Hanson Maltby in 1918, in possession of John A. Maltby, [hereinafter J.A. Fish Letter], also has these birth dates, as well as the Robinson birth dates. Robinson baptismal dates are from the I.G.I. controlled extraction of Scarborough Parish records.

    [23] Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, p. 152; J.A. Fish Letter.

    [24] She was called “native of Bristol” in the baptismal record of her daughter Mary Maltby, in Sunderland, England. Since Bristol is a port town, Thomas may have met Mary in Bristol while conducting some commerce there. The names of her parents have not been discovered.

    [25] Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, p. 153.

    [26] I.G.I. controlled extraction of Sheffield Parish records. This was the only marriage entry for a Thomas Maltby to a Mary found in this time period.

    [27] FHL Microfilm #919326, “Bishop’s Transcripts of the Parish Church of Sheffield, 1774-1789.”

    [28] Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, pp. 152-153.

    [29] Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, p. 152.

    [30] J.A. Fish Letter, and Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, pp. 152-153.

    [31] www.findagrave.com, memorial #171102659, from his gravestone in St. Mary’s Church, South Hylton, England.

    [32] Birth dates from Verrill, Maltby-Maltbie, p. 153, taken from The Maltby Family Bible.

    [33] There were several (perhaps 6) different William Thompsons living in Sunderland and having children at about the same time. The husband of Elizabeth Maltby was the only carpenter or shipwright, but identification of his parents is made difficult because of the commonness of the name in Sunderland.

    [34] From the I.G.I. extraction of Sunderland marriage records from FHL microfilm #091116, “Parish Register Transcripts of Sunderland, Durham, England.”

    [35] 1851 Census, Sunderland Parish, Sunderland Borough, Durham County, England, p. 45, #219:

            Elizabeth Thompson, head, widow, 60, “Potters widow”, born Yorsh, Scarbro

            George Thompson, son, male, 20, “Potter,” born Durham Hylton

    [36] All from the I.G.I. extraction of Sunderland birth records from FHL microfilm #091116, “Parish Register Transcripts of Sunderland, Durham, England.”

    [37] Parish Register Transcripts of Sunderland, “Sunderland Baptisms, Vol. 2, 1806-1862,” p. 178, from FHL microfilm #091116.

    [38] England and Wales Marriage Registration Index, 1837-2005, online database at www.FamilySearch.org, from Vol. 24, p. 246.

    [39] Calculated from her age in the 1851, 1861, and 1871 censuses.

    [40] 1851 Census, Sunderland Parish, Sunderland Borough, Durham County, England, p. 61, #385:

            Thomas M. Thompson, head, married, 38 [sic], ship wright, born Durham Sunderland

            Eleanor Thompson, wife, married, 33, born Durham Southwick

            William Thompson, son, 9, at home, born Durham Hylton

            Margaret J. Thompson, daughter, 6, at home, born Durham Sunderland

    [41] 1861 Census, East Ward, Sunderland Parish, Sunderland Borough, Durham County, England, p. 89, #98:

            Thomas Thompson, head, male, 43, potter, born Durham Sunderland

            Elenor Thompson, wife, female, 43, born Durham Southwick

            William Thompson, son, male, 19, grocer, born Durham Hylton

            Margaret Jane Thompson, daughter, 17, dress maker, born Durham Sunderland

    [42] 1871 Census, District 3, Southwick, Sunderland Borough, Durham County, England, p. 66, #342:

            Thomas M. Thompson, head, married, 54, ship carp. Pott. Lab. at present, born Durham Sunderland

            Eleanor Thompson, wife, married, 54, born Durham Southwick

    [43] England Deaths and Burials, 1538-1991, online database at www.FamilySearch.org, from Southwick, Durham, England, Item 2, p. 112, #894, from FHL microfilm #1885614.

    [44] 1881 Census, Southwick township, Sunderland Borough, Durham County, England, p. 48, #230:

            Thomas M. Thompson, head, widower, 63, shipwright, born Durham Sunderland

    [45] England & Wales FreeBMD Death Index, 1837-1915, Vol. 10A, p. 337.

    [46] Calculated from his age in the 1861 census.

    [47] Calculated from her age in the 1861 census.

    [48] Parish Register Transcripts of Sunderland, “Sunderland Baptisms, Vol. 2, 1806-1862,” p. 203, from FHL microfilm #091116.

    [49] Both these marriages occur in the I.G.I. extraction of Sunderland marriage records for a Mary Ann Thompson.

    [50] Parish Register Transcripts of Sunderland, “Sunderland Baptisms, Vol. 2, 1806-1862,” p. 228, from FHL microfilm #091116.

    [51] Parish Register Transcripts of Sunderland, “Sunderland Baptisms, Vol. 2, 1806-1862,” p. 263, from FHL microfilm #091116. The “2” is blotted out, so it is not certain if the intended date was 3 April or 23 April, 1825.

    [52] Parish Register Transcripts of Sunderland, “Sunderland Baptisms, Vol. 2, 1806-1862,” p. 340, from FHL microfilm #091116. George was baptized in 1832, the same day that his cousin, Joseph Nicholson Leighton, was baptized.

    [53] Marriage records of Monkwearmouth Parish Registers, Durham Co., England, from George Bell’s transcripts.

    [54] “Parish Register Transcripts of Sunderland, England, Baptisms, Vol. V, 1797-1812,” from FHL microfilm #091115; “Parish Register Transcripts of Sunderland, England, Sunderland Baptisms, Vol. 1, 1719-1804,” p. 437, from FHL microfilm #091116. The mother’s maiden name is given for most of the children baptized, but not for Mary’s mother, unfortunately.

    [55] From the I.G.I. extraction of Sunderland marriage records from FHL microfilm #091116, “Parish Register Transcripts of Sunderland, Durham, England, 1804-1837.” He was called only “Richard Lighton” in the marriage record. His full name was given at his baptism in Gateshead, and again at the baptism of his son Joseph Nicholson Leighton. His second middle name, Grierson, may have been Grayson.

    [56] From the I.G.I. extraction of Gateshead baptismal records from FHL microfilm #252779-252785, “Parish Register Transcripts of Gateshead, Durham, England.” The marriage record of John Leighton and Mary Nicholson, on 19 Feb. 1786 in Gateshead, is from FHL microfilm #252795.

    [57] www.findagrave.com, memorial #143795330, from their gravestone in Spion Kop Municipal Cemetery in Hartlepool, England, called wife of Rich. D. O. G. Leighton, master mariner; J.A. Fish Letter.

    [58] www.findagrave.com, memorial #143795330, from their gravestone in Spion Kop Municipal Cemetery in Hartlepool, England.

    [59] Birth or baptismal dates from the J.A. Fish Letter, and from the I.G.I. extraction of Sunderland birth records from FHL microfilm #091116, “Parish Register Transcripts of Sunderland, Durham, England.”

    [60] Parish Register Transcripts of Sunderland, “Sunderland Baptisms, Vol. 2, 1806-1862,” p. 254, from FHL microfilm #091116.

    [61] England & Wales FreeBMD Marriage Index, 1837-1915, Vol. 24, p. 283.

    [62] England & Wales FreeBMD Marriage Index, 1837-1915, vol. 10a, p. 628.

    [63] England & Wales FreeBMD Marriage Index, 1837-1915, Vol. 10a, p. 505.

    [64] Parish Register Transcripts of Sunderland, “Sunderland Baptisms, Vol. 2, 1806-1862,” p. 263, from FHL microfilm #091116. The transcriber of the birth records added a question mark to this date indicating that he was having trouble making it out.

    [65] His parents have not yet been identified. No birth record was found for either a Bell Wilkinson or a Yeal Wilkinson in the I.G.I. There was a family of Wilkinsons living in Sunderland at the time: Joseph and Emma (Pratt) Wilkinson. They had a son named Campbell Wilkinson born on 21 Dec. 1815 in Sunderland, but not a son named Yeal. They had a son named William Wilkinson born on 28 July 1813, who would have been the age of Yeal Wilkinson, brother of Bell Wilkinson. There is a possibility that Campbell was shortened to Bell Wilkinson, and that William Wilkinson had a middle name, Yeal, of which he was known.

    [66] Marriage date from the I.G.I. extraction of Saint Dunstan marriage records from FHL microfilm #801586, “Parish Register Transcripts of Saint Dunstan, Stepney, London, England.”

    [67] Calculated from his age in the 1881 Durham County census. He may have been the Campbell Wilkinson, son of Joseph and Emma (Pratt) Wilkinson, of Vine Street, who was born on 21 Dec. 1815 in Sunderland, from the Parish Register Transcriptions of Sunderland, “Sunderland Baptisms, Vol. 2, 1806-1862,” p. 158, from FHL microfilm #091116. His father’s occupation was listed as “keel,” which was a common occupation in Sunderland, presumably something to do with the ship building industry there.

    [68] 1881 Census, Bishopwearmouth, Durham County, Great Britain, from microfiche, #4993, folio #114, page 32:

            Bell Wilkinson, 66 M, head, married, born Sunderland, Dur., retired, coal.

            Mary M. Wilkinson, 55, F, wife, married, born Sunderland, Dur.

    [69] England & Wales FreeBMD Death Index, 1837-1915, Vol. 10a, p. 366; ; www.findagrave.com, memorial #147974646, from her gravestone in Bishopwearmouth Cemetery in Sunderland, England.

    [70] www.findagrave.com, memorial #147974581, from his gravestone in Bishopwearmouth Cemetery in Sunderland, England; England & Wales FreeBMD Death Index, 1837-1915, Vol. 10a, p. 451, which gives the date as Jan. 1908.

    [71] England & Wales National Probate Calendar, 1858-1966.

    [72] Calculated from his age in the 1881 Durham County Census.

    [73] 1881 Census, Bishopwearmouth, Durham County, Great Britain, from microfiche, #4996, folio #33, page 19:

            John Bell Wilkinson, 34, M, head, married, born Stepney, Mid., Plumber

            Louisa E. Wilkinson, 33, F, wife, married, born St. George in Ea.

            John L. B. Wilkinson, 4, M, son, born Sunderland, Dur.

            Stanley Y. Wilkinson, 5 mos., M, son, born Sunderland, Dur.

            Yeal Wilkinson, 68, M, uncle, unmarried, born Sunderland, Dur.

            Emma Powell, 21, F, general servant, unmarried

            Hannah Jearnett, 18 F, nursemaid, unmarried

    [74] J.A. Fish Letter.

    [75] www.findagrave.com, memorial #147974623, from his gravestone in Bishopwearmouth Cemetery in Sunderland, England.

    [76] Estimated from her marriage year. She was not listed with her parents in the 1881 Durham County census.

    [77] J.A. Fish Letter.

    [78] Per his www.findagrave.com memorial #147974632.

    [79] J.A. Fish Letter.

    [80] www.findagrave.com, memorial #147974632, from his gravestone in Bishopwearmouth Cemetery in Sunderland, England.

    [81] Age 5 months in the 1881 Durham County census.

    [82] www.findagrave.com, memorial #147974664, from his gravestone in Bishopwearmouth Cemetery in Sunderland, England, which does not give his birth date or his age.

    [83] J.A. Fish Letter.

    [84] Parish Register Transcripts of Sunderland, “Sunderland Baptisms, Vol. 2, 1806-1862,” p. 276, from FHL microfilm #091116.

    [85] Parish Register Transcripts of Sunderland, “Sunderland Baptisms, Vol. 2, 1806-1862,” p. 310, from FHL microfilm #091116. His name was spelled “John McDougle” in the baptismal record.

    [86] J.A. Fish Letter.

    [87] Parish Register Transcripts of Sunderland, “Sunderland Baptisms, Vol. 2, 1806-1862,” p. 340, from FHL microfilm #091116. He was baptized the same day as his cousin, George Thompson.

    [88] Calculated from the age of their oldest child in the 1881 census. Her name was thought to have been “Horsby” because it was given to two of their children as their middle names.

    [89] 1881 Census, Stranton, Durham County, Great Britain, from microfiche #4911, folio #81-82, p.24:

            Joseph Nicholson Leighton, 62 [sic], M, head, married, born Sunderland, Durham, shipwright

            Jane Leighton, 48, F, wife, married, born Whitby, Yorks.

            James Shephard Leighton, 23, M, son, born Hartlepool, Dur., blacksmith, single

            Richard Maltby Leighton, 19, M, son, born Hartlepool, Dur., blacksmith

            George Horsby Leighton, 16, M, son, born Hartlepool, Dur., Iron moulder

            Jane Horsby Leighton, 13, F, dau., born Hartlepool, Dur., in school

            William Thompson Leighton, 10, M, son, born Hartlepool, Dur., in school

            Frank Pounder Leighton, 8, M, son, born Hartlepool, Dur., in school

    [90] All from the 1881 census.

    [91] England & Wales FreeBMD Marriage Index, 1837-1915, Vol. 10a, p. 253.

    [92] England & Wales FreeBMD Death Index, 1916-2007, Vol. 10a, p. 135.

    [93] England & Wales National Probate Calendar, 1858-1966.

    [94] 1881 Census, Hartlepool, Durham Co., Great Britain, from microfiche #4908, folio #66, p.42.

    [95] England & Wales FreeBMD Marriage Index, 1837-1915, Vol. 10a, p. 204, her name Jane Horsley Leighton in the marriage record.

    [96] England & Wales FreeBMD Death Index, 1916-2007, Vol. 1a, p. 1314.

    [97] England & Wales FreeBMD Birth Index, 1837-1915, Vol. 10a, p. 158.

    [98] England & Wales FreeBMD Marriage Index, 1837-1915, Vol. 10a, p. 190.

    [99] England & Wales FreeBMD Death Index, 1916-2007, Vol. 10a, p. 161.

    [100] Parish Register Transcripts of Sunderland, “Sunderland Baptisms, Vol. 2, 1806-1862,” p. 376, from FHL microfilm #091116.

    [101] England & Wales FreeBMD Marriage Index, 1837-1915, Vol. 10a, p. 640.

    [102] England & Wales FreeBMD Death Index, 1837-1915, Vol. 10a, p. 347.

    [103] England & Wales FreeBMD Marriage Index, 1837-1915, Vol. 10a, p. 736.

    [104] England & Wales FreeBMD Death Index, 1837-1915, Vol. 10a, p. 623.

    [105] England & Wales FreeBMD Death Index, 1837-1915, Vol. 10a, p. 400.

    [106] Calculated from her age in the 1851 census.

    [107] England & Wales FreeBMD Marriage Index, 1837-1915, Vol. 10a, p. 129.